A Novel Proposal: The ETE (Triassic-Jurassic Mass Extinction) Was Due to a Solar Micronova
Geological evidence Founded that a Solar Micronova affected only half of the Earth
A Novel Proposal: The ETE (Triassic-Jurassic Mass Extinction) Was Due to a Solar Micronova
By Dr. Bruce Cornet (Phd) With Robert D. Morningstar
Is The Great Disaster Coming?
Perhaps it already came … and went.
Below is the latest evidence from The Experts, Astronomical Evidence and More
Many years ago, as the editor of UFO Digest, I established 2 columns called “The UFO Spotlight on …” and the "Best Email of the Week to the Editor” and would regularly publish novel discovries, ideas and commentary.
Below is a fine example:
To: The Editor of TMRN
From: Bruce Cornet
Date: August 18, 2023
Subject: Appendix A
In 2021, I wrote a follow-up paper (Attached below) with Appendix A to a paper published in 2011 by Jessica H. Whiteside, Paul E. Olsen, Timothy I. Eglinton, Bruce Cornet, Nicholas G. McDonald, Philip Huber (Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology: Volume 301, Issues 1–4, 15 February 2011, Pages 1-17).
In Appendix A, I proposed a novel idea, namely, that the Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction was due to a Solar Micronova, because geological evidence shows that it mostly affected only half of the Earth, and the opposite side, which included China, was not as severely affected.
Pattern of vegetation turnover during the end-Triassic mass extinction:
Trends of Fern Communities from South China with Global Context.
Ning Zhou a,b , Yuanyuan Xu b,c , Liqin Li b , Ning Lu b , Pengcheng An b,c , Mihai Emilian Popa d,e , Wolfram Michael Kürschnerf,* , Xingliang Zhang a , Yongdong Wang b,* (2021).
Most plant taxa in China survived there, although ecological assemblages shifted by the global climate changes introduced from the affects on the Atlantic side of Earth, where plant and animal taxa were decimated, with 74-81% of plant taxa disappearing above the Triassic-Jurassic boundary in North America.
Click here→ Jurassic Fish fossil Reveals How It Died
A HUGE DISCOVERY!
ALL lacustrine channel Fossil Fishes Found in/above End Triassic Extinction Stratum Were Highly Radioactive!
What prompted me to write Appendix A, was discovering in 1967 that ALL the fossil fishes found in a lacustrine channel just above the End Triassic Extinction were highly radioactive!
The Iridium Spike
An Iridium spike was also found at that boundary in New Jersey, indicating an extraterrestrial contribution.
I found through wet chemical analysis high levels of Cesium 125, and earlier this year asked Dr. John Brandenburg if Cesium could exist long after its known half-life.
He said, “Yes …” as a decay product of Pu 224.
I present my email and his response at the end of this email.
Bruce Cornet (Phd/MSc./B.A.)
August 18, 2023
Bruce Cornet Independent Researcher · Retired Bachelor of Arts (1970), Master of Science (1973), and Ph.D. (1977). Connect with experts in your field Join ResearchGate to contact this...
Text to Appendix A reproduced below:
The Paleontology and Paleoecology of an Hettangian Fresh Water Lake in the Southern Part of the Hartford Basin, CT, USA, and its Relationship to the End Triassic Extinction Event.
241 Cherry St. El Paso, Texas 79915 email@example.com
About 200 million years ago holostean fishes called Semionotus, and subholostean fishes called Redfieldius, and Ptycholepis died by the tens of thousands during severe storms, sinking to the bottom of an ancient lake where they were fossilized in anoxic layers of black, organic-rich and carbonate-rich mud. That mud became transformed into pyrite-rich microlaminated (ferroan dolomitic) black shale.
How storms could kill so many fish so many different times during the lake’s history, and the changing composition of lake sediments and of the fish fauna are the subject of this report. This lake developed only about 50ky after 74% to 81% of Triassic palynomorph taxa disappeared almost overnight.
Plant and animal migration from refugia had to occur before the Bluff Head lake fauna and flora could exist.
Pangean Great Lake Paleoecology on the Cusp of the End-Triassic Extinction
Jessica H. Whiteside, Paul E. Olsen, Timothy I. Eglinton, Bruce Cornet, Nicholas G. McDonald, Philip Huber (Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology: Volume 301, Issues 1–4, 15 February 2011, Pages 1-17).
Triassic and Early Jurassic age lacustrine deposits of Eastern North American rift basins preserve a spectacular record of precession-related Milankovitch forcing in the Pangean tropics in the wake of the end Triassic extinction event (ETE).
The abundant and well-preserved fossil fish assemblages from these great lakes show cyclical changes that track the permeating hierarchy of climatic cycles.
To detail ecosystem processes correlating with succession of fish communities, bulk δ13C was measured through a 100 ky series of precession-forced lake level cycles in the lower Shuttle Meadow Formation of the Hartford rift basin, Connecticut, that were deposited within 50 ky after the ETE.
The deep-water phase of one of these cycles, the Bluff Head Bed, has produced thousands of articulated fish.
There are fluctuations in the bulk δ13Corg in the cyclical strata that reflect differing degrees of lake water stratification, nutrient levels, and relative proportion of algal vs. plant derived organic matter that trace fish community changes.
Extrinsic changes in the global exchangeable reservoirs can be excluded as an origin of this variability because compound specific δ13C of n alkanes from plant leaf waxes in the same strata show no such variability.
Although higher taxonomic levels of the fish communities responded largely by sorting of taxa by environmental forcing, at the species level the holostean genus Semionotus responded by in situ evolution, and ultimately extinction, of a species flock.
Fluctuations at the higher frequency, climatic precessional scale are mirrored at lower frequency, eccentricity modulated scales, all following the lake-level hierarchical pattern.
Thus, changes in lacustrine isotopic ratios amplify the Milankovitch climate signal that was already intensified by sequelae of the End-Triassic extinctions.
The degree to which the ecological structure of modern lakes responds to similar environmental cyclicity is largely unknown, but similar patterns and processes are present within the Neogene history of great lakes of East Africa.
Was the Cause of the End Triassic Mass Extinction (ETE) due to Radiation?
The occurrence of highly radioactive fish fossils in a delta channel fill deposit on the Northeastern edge of MT. Tom, Massachusetts, may mark the location of the ETE boundary in the uppermost New Haven Fm. (= Sugerloaf Fm. in the connected Deerfield basin to the North), just below the Talcott Basalt.
That deposit occurs at or near the Triassic/Jurassic boundary, and represents the only known occurrence of radioactive fish fossils in the Newark Supergroup.
Other localities containing the ETE boundary may also contain radioactive nucleotides, but they were never tested or checked with a Geiger counter.
Who would have guessed?
In addition, a sudden increase in carnosaur footprint size (and body size) just above the ETE 41 may have involved a genetic alternation that occurred simultaneously in more than one species of dinosaur.
In other words, the Sun may have undergone a mini-Supernova explosion, sending high levels of cosmic radiation and fission products to the Earth, accounting for the radioactive isotopes in the Mt. Tom fishes.
Appendix A documents this discovery, which was made in August 1967 when the author made his first field trip in the Hartford basin, looking for Triassic fossils.
He had obtained a Geiger counter, and was checking all the rocks he studied, but was surprised when he detected high levels of radiation coming from fish fossils in a fresh road cut along the South-bound lane of Interstate 91, which had not yet been completed.
That road cut occurs at the Northern end of Mt. Tom just beyond extensive outcrops of the Holyoke Basalt. It is along the same outcrop of upper New Haven Arkose that wraps around the top of Mt. Tom, and includes a Clathropteris layer exposed along Southampton Rd.
That layer or zone is probably the fern spike layer representing the ETE boundary layer in the Newark basin, which occurs as much as 120 ka below the internationally recognized Triassic/Jurassic Boundary based on ammonites, which is a time-transgressive marine unit.
The ETE layer contains matted Clathropteris meniscoides (Brongn.) Brongn. fern fronds growing in situ, along with Equisetites sp. (Horsetail cryspogam).
The palynology of that bed sandwiched between thick sandstone units was described by Cornet and Traverse (1975), and contains abundant fern spores, cycadophyte pollen, and Classopollis spp., or a typical post-ETE palynoflora.
The discovery that the fish fossils at the I-91 outcrop are radioactive is an unexpected twist to the cause of the End Triassic Mass Extinction if that radioactivity is related to the cause of that extinction.
Dr. Paul LaViolette proposed a solar wave theory for some mass extinctions on Earth: 49
“The hypothesis is presented that an abrupt rise in atmospheric radiocarbon concentration evident in the Cariaco Basin varve record at 12,837±10 cal yrs BP contemporaneous with the Rancholabrean termination, may have been produced by a super-sized solar proton event (SPE) having a fluence of ~1.3 X 1011 protons/cm2.
What Is A Solar Proton Event (or SPE)?
A SPE of this magnitude would have been large enough to deliver a lethal radiation dose of at least 3 - 6 Sv (Sv = Sieverts) to the Earth's surface, and hence could have been a principal cause of the final termination of the Pleistocene megafauna and several genera of smaller mammals and birds.” (LaViolette, 2011: Radiocarbon, Abstract).
“The cause of the extinction has long remained a mystery. Theories that have been put forth have ranged from overkill by North American paleolithic hunters to the impact of a large comet or swarm of meteors. But all have been shown to have serious flaws.
Now, Starburst Foundation researcher Dr. Paul LaViolette has found evidence that this mysterious die-off may have had a solar flare cause.” (LaViolette, 2011: Starburst Foundation).
LaViolette explained to me:
“The Sun could do this, but not with a nova. Either with a series of direct hits with super coronal mass ejections as the Earth turned, or with the dragon mode effect.
The latter effect is when a superwave induced galactic wind blows the solar coronal plasma to form a hot cometary tail extending from the Sun.
If the earth is aligned with this tail, it would incinerate the Earth’s surface. See posting on etheric.com for this. Just search for “dragon mode effect.” But to produce mutations, you need elevated solar cosmic rays, such as from a coronal mass ejection.”
The sudden increase in dinosaur size and a 2 to 3 times enlargement of their tracks just above the ETE boundary suggests radiation high enough to cause mutations in those animals.
But was that radiation caused by a CME slamming into Earth, or could there have been other causes?
However, could there be even more extreme extraterrestrial causes for Mass Extinctions?
Such an example may have occurred on Mars, but it does not appear to be caused by a natural phenomenon.
Dr. John E. Brandenburg (2016), a NASA and government physicist, shocked the world and scientific community with his analysis of Martian telemetry and satellite sensing of radioactive elements such as Xenon 129, 17N, and deuterium that point to two large nuclear explosions in the Martian atmosphere, which may be part of the reason that Mars has little surface water and atmospheric Nitrogen and Oxygen.
The Fermi Paradox is the unexpected silence of the cosmos under the Assumption of Mediocrity, in a cosmos known to have abundant planets and life precursor chemicals.
On Mars, the nearest Earthlike planet in the cosmos, the concentration of 129Xe in the Martian atmosphere, the evidence from 80Kr abundance of intense 1014/cm2 flux over the Northern young part of Mars, and the detected pattern of excess abundance of Uranium and Thorium on Mars surface, relative to Mars meteorites, can be explained as due to two large thermonuclear explosions on Mars in the past.
Based on the pattern of thorium and radioactive potassium gamma radiation, the explosions were centered in the Northern plains in Mare Acidalium at approximately 50N, 30W, near Cydonia Mensa and in Utopia Planum at approximately 50N 120W near Galaxias Chaos, both locations of possible archeological artifacts. The xenon isotope mass spectrum of the Mars atmosphere matches that from open air nuclear testing on Earth and is characteristic of fast neutron fission rather than that produced by a moderated nuclear reactor.
The high abundance of 40 Ar cannot be explained by mass fractionation during atmospheric loss, and must be the result of neutron capture on 39K, also requiring an intense neutron flux on the Mars surface as is the high abundance of 17N and deuterium.
It is highly unlikely that nuclear explosions were responsible for the mass extinctions around the world at the end of the Triassic. Yet such a scenario cannot be completely excluded as we learn more about external influences of life on Earth.
If volcanic outgassing during the CAMP is not the cause, because the earliest dikes and basaltic flows may not have occurred until just after the ETE, and we have traces of radioactivity in fossil fishes at the ETE boundary, along with rapid evolution of dinosaur size following the ETE, then a massive solar superwave and CME (coronal mass ejection) with cosmic radiation may be the only reasonable explanation.
That CME and the scorching of at least one half of the Earth (facing the CME) could also have been the stimulus for magma mobilization through heating of the Earth’s Crust.
The rapid recovery of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems during the 50Ky following the ETE (cf. Bluff Head Lake ecosystem) as well as some Triassic index fossils making it into the basal Jurassic (e.g. Sanmiguelia Brown, Ash et al, 2014), along with the rapid rise to dominance of Cheirolepid and Araucarian conifers worldwide, may explain why this event ushered in the Age of Dinosaurs and Jurassic ecosystems worldwide that included early angiosperms in North America and China.
A surprising discovery in the St. George Mudflats around basal Jurassic Lake Dixie, Utah, was a leaf impression of a Nelumbo-like leaf to an aquatic plant (Cornet, 2002, Part I; Milner et al., 2011).
The oldest water lily fossils (Nymphaeales) were previously found in the Early Cretaceous era (Friis, Pedersen, and Crane, 2001).
Not only did the ETE set the stage for the rise of dinosaurs and their conifer food source in the Jurassic, but that event may have opened up ecosystems for the survival and slow evolutions of angiosperms in the Jurassic from Late Triassic pre-Monocot/Dicot angiosperms like Sanmiguelia lewisii (Cornet, 1986; 1989b).
There are now reports of
1) Angiosperm-like pollen going back to the Middle Triassic (Hochuli, and FeistBurkhardt, 2004),
2) Angiosperm-like pollen diversification throughout the Late Triassic (Cornet, 1977; 1986, 1989a, 1989b),
3) Both angiosperm-like pollen and megafossils surviving into the Early Jurassic (Ash et al., 2014; Wang et al., 2007; Cornet, 2002, Part I and Part II), and …
4) Angiosperm pollen and megafossils continuing all the way up to the Oxfordian and Tithonian (Late Jurassic) (Cornet and Habib, 1992; Sun et al., 1998).
Emails from Cornet and Brandenburg:
June 11-12, 2023
Are you saying that your previous opinion is incorrect? "However Cs 135 is a decay product of the spontaneous fission of Pu 244, with a half-life of 80 million years. Pu 244 is produced by supernova and hydrogen bomb explosions (that's where we discovered it on earth). If a large amount of Pu 244 was made 200 million years ago, then some would survive to recent geologic time and decay producing Cs 135 and other isotopes."
The numerous basalt flows above the Triassic-Jurassic have been isotopically dated using different radioactive elements, including the K/Argon method. They age date from about 190 my to 202 my.
So could Cs 135 be present as a byproduct of Pu 244 decay?
Mon, Jun 12 at 12:50 PM
No, the Pu 244 decay will produce Cesium 135 and Iodine 129, both of
which are beta emitters and thus easy to detect, Iodine 129 also makes
characteristic gamma rays, which are even easier to detect.
So, get access to the samples with a good gamma ray spectrometer, and
you should see the Iodine 129 gammas, then we are 'off to the races.'
Paperback $25.00 2 Used from $23.35 4 New from $25.00 Dr. Ellen Crystall's work and book made "Pine Bush" a household name for those interested in UFO/UAPs. Because of her book and willingness to educate others in the field, Dr. Bruce Cornet became involved in doing research with her and others.
You can order Dr. Bruce Cornet’s book, “Unconventional Aerial Phenomena,” by clicking the link below:
Written by dr. Bruce Cornet (Phd/MSc.)
Edited and Compiled by Robert D. Morningstar
******* WWG1WGA → "Where We Go 1, We Go All!" *******
With Many Thanks to Dr. Bruce Cornet for his report, insightful comments and contributions to science, paleontology and UFOlogy.
Dr. Bruce Cornet (Phd.) Biography
Dr. Bruce Cornet earned his B.A. in Biology at the University of Connecticut in 1970, his M.S. in Paleobotany at the University of Connecticut in 1973, and his Ph.D. in Geology and Palynology at Penn State University in 1977.
He worked at Gulf Research & Development in Houston, TX, as a palynologist between 1977 and 1980, at Exxon USA in Houston as a palynologist between 1980 and 1981, then formed his own exploration company, Geminoil, Inc., in 1981 and 1982, and drilled for oil in the Richmond Basin of Virginia. Then he worked for Superior Oil Company in Houston between 1982 and 1985, before that company was bought out by Mobil Oil Company.
He was offered a job as a field geologist, wellsite geologist, and palynologist at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in New York in 1988, and worked there until 1993, when he quit to help his new wife raise her three children. He began studying UAP in the Wallkill River and Hudson River valleys between 1992 and August 2003, when he took a job as Deputy Administrator at NIDS in 2004 in Las Vegas, Nevada.
That Institute was closed down four months after moving to Nevada, forcing him to move to El Paso, Texas, where he found jobs teaching Physical and Historical Geology at three different colleges: El Paso Community College in Texas, Donna Anna Branch Community College in New Mexico, and Raritan Community College in New Jersey (online), from 2004 until his retirement in 2009.
Written, Compiled & Edited by Robert D. Morningstar
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